Sports psychologist salary & career outlook
Sports psychologists work to understand the psychological factors that influence athletic performance, as well as studying the effects that exercise and physical activity can have on an individual's mental health and conditioning. They may also work with athletes to help them though the psychological difficulties of injury, rehabilitation and competitive stress.
Career outlook for sports psychologists
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that job opportunities for professional psychologists will increase by 12 percent nationally between 2012 and 2022, leading to around 18,700 new jobs in the field. A growing appreciation for the value of psychological services is cited as a main driver of the increase in career demand. Most employers prefer candidates who have completed a doctoral program, and those with specialist degrees or postdoctoral work experience are expected to have the best job opportunities.
Some states employ more sports psychologists than others, though statistics aren't widely available for this specialization yet. Here are the five states that employed the most psychology professionals overall in 2013, according to the BLS:
- New York
The Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater area of Florida was the top interurban region for psychologists in 2013, followed by the Washington, D.C., metro region and the greater New York City area.
How much do sports psychologists make?
The BLS reports that the mean annual salary for psychologists in general in 2013 was $86,540. The range of salaries recorded was quite large, with the bottom 10 percent of earners making less than $42,550 annually and the top 10 percent taking home more than $117,090.
Sports psychologists tend to be employed among a relatively narrow selection of industries. Here are the 2013 mean annual salary figures reported by the BLS for a few industries where sports psychologists might find jobs:
- Offices of physicians: $92,740
- Colleges, universities and professional schools, $64,260
- Outpatient care centers: $97,020
- General medical and surgical hospitals: $90,530
Geographical location can also factor heavily into a sports psychologist salary. Here are the five states where psychologists were paid the highest mean annual salaries in 2013, according to BLS data:
- New Hampshire: $132,590
- Minnesota: $123,600
- Maryland: $104,770
- Iowa: $100,300
- Kansas: $98,830
Two of these may be particularly friendly states for aspiring sports psychologists, according to a cost of living index produced by the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center. Not only are they reported as two of the top five highest paying states for psychology professionals, but Iowa and Kansas were also rated at 6 and 9, respectively, on a list ranking the 10 most-affordable states in the U.S.
Sports psychologist schools education and training
The curriculum offered in sports psychology programs tends to differ from institution to institution, but many programs include similar approaches to the core concepts of the discipline. Here are a few of the topics that may be covered in sports psychology degree programs:
- Mental training
- Talent development
- Psychology of injury
- Exercise psychobiology
- Counseling techniques
- Abnormal psychology
- Motor learning
- Coaching concepts
The right education from an accredited academic institution can help advance your career and maximize your earning potential. Some sports psychologists may find work with just a master's degree, but candidates typically complete a doctoral dissertation, internship and residency before seeking work.
Individual states or employers may require candidates be licensed before employment can be considered, and independently practicing sports psychologists must obtain a license from their state or provincial licensing board before beginning their practice.
Master of Arts Degree in Kinesiology, Sport Psychology Option, California State University, Fresno,
Cost of Living Data Series, First Quarter 2014, Missouri Economic Research and Information Center, Missouri Department of Economic Development,
Psychologists, "Occupational Outlook Handbook 2014-15 Edition," Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Jan. 8, 2014,
Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013: Psychologists, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor,