Mix one part love of food and one part formal chef training, and you have an exciting, artistic career with limitless possibilities. If you are thinking about becoming a chef, explore details below. 

Becoming a chef involves more than just learning to cook and loving food. In addition to potentially being trained in different culinary techniques and cooking disciplines, aspiring chefs might also need strong business skills, creativity, leadership and time-management abilities. It can be a challenging career, but also a very rewarding one.

What types of chefs are there?

Sure, all chefs cook, but there are various types of chefs who have different levels of responsibilities. These might include:

  • Executive chefs, head books and chef de cuisine: They oversee the operations of the kitchen, ranging from coordinating the meals to preparing the menus.
  • Sous chefs: They're the "kitchen's second-in-command," according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Sous chefs prepare the meals, supervise the other cooks, report results to the head chef and run the kitchen when the head chef is gone.
  • Private household chefs: They typically work for one client, such as a university president or diplomat, though some private chefs cook for various individuals at their homes.

How to Become a Chef

It's technically possible to become a chef without any formal training, but that isn't the most common way to go. If you have big dreams in the kitchen, then you might want to follow a more traditional culinary career track. Those steps might include:

  1. Earn a high school diploma or GED
  2. Gaining work experience in a kitchen, as a line cook or a similar role
  3. Completing a two- or four-year formal chef training program at a vocational school, community college or culinary school
  4. Working as an apprentice, formally through a culinary school or association, or in a more unofficial capacity

You can also obtain certification through an official organization, such as the American Culinary Federation, but that's optional.

Chef Salary and Career Outlook

You can earn a wide range of salaries as a chef, depending on where you're cooking and your level of experience, so take these numbers with a grain of salt. Here's an idea of the chef salary and job growth numbers that might be expected in the coming years:

CareerTotal EmploymentAnnual Mean Wage
Chefs and Head Cooks128,190$56,310
2019 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2018-28 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Article Sources

 How to Become a Chef

Article Sources
  • Certification Matters, American Culinary Federation,
  • Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013: Chefs and Head Cooks, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor,
  • Chefs and Head Cooks, "Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition," Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Jan. 8, 2014,