Counseling & Degree Programs
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition, Accessed September 2017, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/
- The State of Mental Health in America, Mental Health America, Accessed September 2017, http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/issues/state-mental-health-america
- Celebrating Nearly 50 Years of Psychology at UCA, University of Central Arkansas, Accessed September 2017, http://uca.edu/psychology/
- Counseling, University of Holy Cross, Accessed September 2017, http://uhcno.edu/academics/calendars-catalogs-and-schedules/counseling.html
- Bachelor of Arts Christian Counseling, South Florida Bible College and Seminary, Accessed September 2017, http://sfbc.edu/bachelor-of-arts-b-a-in-christian-counseling/
- Counseling & Psychology, Mid-Atlantic Christian University, Accessed September 2017, http://www.macuniversity.edu/academics/department-of-marketplace-ministry/counseling-and-psychology-program-goals
- Child and Family Services, College of St. Joseph, Accessed September 2017, https://www.csj.edu/academics/undergraduate-programs/bs-in-human-services/
- Academic Programs, Arizona Christian University, Accessed September 2017, http://arizonachristian.edu/academics/programs/
- Bachelor of Science in Counseling, Crossroads College, Accessed September 2017, http://www.crossroadscollege.edu/Adult-Studies/Counseling-Degree
- Academics at Prescott College, Prescott College, Accessed September 2017, http://www.prescott.edu/academics/index.php
- Majors & Programs, Alaska Pacific University, Accessed September 2017, https://www.alaskapacific.edu/programs/
- Graduate degrees, Criswell College, Accessed September 2017, http://www.criswell.edu/academics/graduate-degrees/
- Counseling Outcomes, Lesley University, Accessed September 2017, https://www.lesley.edu/academics/undergraduate/counseling
- Master's in Counseling Program Learning Outcomes, Marquette University, Accessed September 2017, http://www.marquette.edu/education/grad/cecp_masters_counseling.shtml#outcomes
- NBCC Foundation Scholars & Fellows, NBCC Foundation, Accessed September 2017, http://www.nbccf.org/programs/scholarships
- Future Counselors of America Scholarship, DatingAdvice.com, Accessed September 2017, http://www.datingadvice.com/scholarship
Looking for the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of others? If so, working as a counselor could be the career path for you. Not only is the work meaningful, but the field could also see strong demand for qualified professionals in the coming years.
The nonprofit organization Mental Health America estimates one in five Americans have a mental health condition. What's more, the group notes there is a serious shortage of counselors and other mental health workers to treat these people. Of course, not all counselors work in the field of mental illness. Some provide school counseling, genetic counseling, career counseling or family counseling instead.
However, you'll need the right education before you can fill any of these positions. Counseling degree programs are available at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Keep reading to learn more about the top schools for counseling as well as the jobs you can get after graduation.
Best Colleges for Counseling Degree Programs
To determine the best colleges for counseling degree programs, Schools.com used a methodology that considered the accessibility, affordability and prominence of a school's counseling program. Here are the institutions that came out on top.
The University of Central Arkansas is the number one school for counseling degree programs. With a campus in Conway, the school offers more advanced counseling degree options than most other institutions on this list.
Within the Department of Psychology and Counseling, students can earn either a master's degree or doctoral degree in the field. Options include a Master of Science in school psychology, a Master of Science in mental health counseling and doctoral training in either school psychology or counseling psychology. The school's programs are accredited by the National Association of School Psychologists and the American Psychological Association.
UCA is a public institution and was founded in 1906. It is located 30 miles north of Little Rock.
Taking the number two spot on this list of top schools for counseling is University of Holy Cross. With a campus in New Orleans, the university prides itself on providing personalized education and small class sizes.
At the University of Holy Cross, students can earn either an associate degree or a bachelor's degree in counseling. They may choose from one of the following programs: addictions counseling, applied behavioral science, juvenile counseling or social counseling. There is also a master's degree in counseling that will allow students to earn their undergraduate and graduate degrees concurrently.
The University of Holy Cross is a private school. It was founded in 1916 as a ministry of the Marianite Sisters of the Holy Cross.
Students interested in a degree in Christian counseling may find the program they want at South Florida Bible College and Theological Seminary. The school was founded in 1985 as a nondenominational institution. It ranks third for the prominence of its counseling program and first for its graduation rate among surveyed schools.
Although South Florida Bible College doesn't have any fully online counseling degrees, students may be able to take up to half their classes via distance education. The remaining courses must be completed at the school's Deerfield Beach campus.
Its bachelor's degree in Christian counseling seeks to integrate Christian and secular approaches to psychology. Graduates should be prepared to enter the workforce with the knowledge of counseling strategies and psychological techniques.
The Mid-Atlantic Christian University was founded in 1948 as Roanoke Bible College. Originally conceived as a school to train ministers, the university continues to have a special focus on Christian studies.
The counseling and psychology program at Mid-Atlantic Christian University results in a bachelor's degree. The curriculum includes a double major in Biblical studies and counseling and psychology. Upon graduation, students should have a good understanding of counseling techniques and how they can be used within a Christian worldview.
The university ranks high for its admission policy and the support services it offers. In addition to academic advising, career placement services may be available to graduates.
Founded by the Sisters of St. Joseph of Rutland, Vermont, the College of St. Joseph got its start in 1956. Today, it offers more than 30 majors through its undergraduate and graduate degree programs.
The College of St. Joseph offers several degrees that may be of interest to those pursuing a career in counseling. These include bachelor's degrees in community service and counseling, alcohol and substance abuse services, and child and family services. At the graduate level, there are master's degrees in alcohol and substance abuse services, school counseling, clinical mental health counseling and community counseling.
With a 9-1 student-faculty ratio, the university is well-equipped to provide a personalized experience. The college also ranks ninth for the prominence of its counseling program.
Arizona Christian University provides a number of support services to help its students succeed. There is career counseling, academic advising and even placement services for graduates. To help busy adults take the classes they need, courses are offered on nights, weekends and online.
Although ACU doesn't have any online degrees for counseling specifically, its online bachelor's degree in family studies may be appropriate for those interested in the field. Meanwhile students at its Phoenix campus can earn a bachelor's degree in either behavioral health or family studies.
Founded in 1960, Arizona Christian University is a private, non-denominational institution. It ranks seventh for the prominence of its counseling-related programs.
Although its campus is in Rochester, Minnesota, Crossroads College also offers students the opportunity to earn online counseling degrees. Its bachelor's degree in counseling can be earned either online or on-campus although students may need to have their general education classes already completed prior to starting online courses.
Crossroads College is a Bible college, and all students must complete a core curriculum that includes Biblical studies. In addition to those classes, counseling students take courses in human development, group counseling and abnormal psychology among other topics.
At 8-1, the college is tied for having the smallest student-faculty ratio of the schools on this list. Its counseling program ranks fifth for prominence. Students get access to career counseling as well as placement services upon graduation.
Sharing a name with the city of Prescott, Arizona, this college was founded with the vision of being the "Harvard of the West." The educational institution prides itself on diversity, inclusiveness and developing new models of learning. Its students have access to collaborative learning, experiential education and student-designed programs.
For counseling students, Prescott College offers a number of options. The school's undergraduate psychology, human development and counselor education program is available in five different concentrations. Students interested in online degrees for counseling may be interested in Prescott College's online degree in human development. Meanwhile, there are also online counseling degrees at the graduate level, where the school offers nine master's degrees in the field.
In addition to its range of degree options, Prescott College ranks high for its 9-1 student-faculty ratio.
Outside the contiguous states, Alaska Pacific University ranks highest. While students may have to travel far to study at this school, they get access to an institution with one of the highest graduation rates and the smallest student-faculty ratios of the colleges and universities on this list.
Counseling psychology degrees are available at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. The bachelor's and master's degree programs at Alaska Pacific University include a hands-on component to provide students with real-world experience prior to graduation. Meanwhile, the doctoral program blends online learning with face-to-face weekend intensives.
Alaska Pacific University is a private, liberal arts institution affiliated with the Methodist Church. It was founded in 1960 and has its campus in Anchorage.
Located in Dallas, Criswell College gets high marks for providing a personalized education experience. At 9-1, its student-faculty ratio is among the lowest of the schools on this list. Established in 1970 and named for its founder W.A. Criswell, the college is affiliated with the Southern Baptists of Texas Convention.
Criswell College offers a master's degree in counseling that is available in two tracks. One option allows graduates to sit for the National Counselor Exam and the Texas Jurisprudence Exam. The other is a non-licensure track that provides knowledge and proficiency in the field but does not meet the exam requirements.
While Criswell College doesn't offer any fully online counseling degrees, students may be able to take up to a quarter of their classes via distance education.
Counseling Degree Programs and Common Career Paths
Although some schools offer associate degrees in counseling, most positions require at least a bachelor's degree. In addition, for some types of counseling, a master's degree may be preferred or even required. Some states mandate certain counselors be licensed, and students should confirm whether any degree program they consider will meet state requirements.
Bachelor's Degree Programs in Counseling
Four-year degrees in counseling will cover the major theories of human behavior. Students should graduate with the knowledge needed to evaluate client needs and develop effective treatment plans. This knowledge can also make them valuable to public and community health organizations. They are among the employers who may hire those with a bachelor's degree in counseling for the following positions.
- Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors: These counselors specialize in treating those with addictions or similar problems. They meet with clients directly to develop treatment strategies, provide support to family members and may coordinate care with other health care professionals.
- Community Health Workers: Some community health workers may be part of a team working to address public health issues on a broad scale while others may provide one-on-one services to the clients of non-profits and government agencies.
Master's Degree Programs in Counseling
Master's degree programs typically take two years to complete and provide a more intensive look into the topic of human behavior and behavior modification techniques. Students may specialize in a particular area of counseling, depending on their career goals. The following positions are a few of those that often require a master's degree in counseling.
- Education, Guidance, School and Vocational Counselors: Also known as school or career counselors, these workers provide services to students and job seekers. They evaluate a person's aptitude, counsel them on school or job prospects and assist in the development of needed skills.
- Mental Health Counselors: Mental health counselors, along with marriage and family counselors, typically provide support services either one-on-one or in a group setting. They guide people through the process of coping with and working through mental and emotional problems.
- Genetic Counselors: Rather than a general counseling degree, professionals in this occupation must earn a specific master's degree in genetic counseling. That education gives the skills needed to evaluate medical histories, identify potential genetic problems and discuss testing options.
Career Outlook for Counseling Majors
There are many occupations within the field of counseling and not all are expected to grow at the same rate. Here's a look at the career outlook for some of the positions commonly pursued by graduates from counseling degree programs.
Expected Job Growth
|Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors||91,040||$44,160||22.3%|
|Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists||107,980||$78,690||19.6%|
|Mental Health Counselors||139,820||$46,050||19.6%|
|Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists||1,941,090||$47,220||11.6%|
Q&A with an expert
Is it necessary to study psychology as an undergraduate to get the most out of a master's in counseling?
It's ideal to study psychology in undergrad if you plan on going on for a Master's degree in Counseling; however, it's not required. Most Master's programs in counseling require at least 18 credit hours of psychology at the undergrad level. Other undergraduate programs that can be helpful include philosophy and communications.
What are some reasons that a counselor might choose to go on and earn a Ph.D.?
The main reasons are more opportunities. Only with a doctorate can one teach at the university level, conduct research, and provide psychological testing.
What's some advice you would give to a student who's thinking about enrolling in a counseling degree program?
Definitely apply to one that's CACREP approved which will make later licensing and first jobs easier to obtain.
- American Counseling Association - Founded in 1952 and serving more than 55,000 members, the ACA says it's the largest association exclusively representing counselors.
- American Mental Health Counselors Association - The AMHCA provides advocacy and education for licensed clinical mental health counselors.
- American School Counselors Association - Known as the ASCA, this association offers academic, personal and professional development services to 33,000 school counselors globally.
- American Association of Christian Counselors: The AACC says it has nearly 50,000 members who include licensed professionals as well as pastors and lay church members who may not have formal training.
Financial Aid and Scholarships for Counseling Degree Programs
Students enrolled in both on-campus and online counseling degree programs may be eligible for government and private financial assistance. In addition to applying for federal loans and grants, students should explore private scholarships. Many programs are available, particular for those studying at the graduate level. These include awards from the National Board for Certified Counselors Foundation, the Future Counselors of America Scholarship and others.
Fellowship is awarded for three years; continued support is based upon recipient's progress.