From the times of ancient culture, architects and designers have planned the buildings and grounds for the long line of civilizations that grew to present day. Ancient Persian, Greek, Roman, and Native American civilizations developed the formal creation of drawings to guide construction of palaces, temples, urban gardens, fortresses, roads, bridges, aqueducts, schools, and churches. Designers have invented columns, arches, walls, and fortifications upon which rose the wonders of the world as well as the religious and secular buildings we admire today.
In 20th century America, architecture entered the Modernism era under designers like I.M. Pei and Frank Lloyd Wright, and post-Modernism by Philip Johnson, R. Buckminster Fuller and Frank Gehry. Today, architecture, landscape, and design professions can be broken out into the following fields of study:
- Architects: residential, commercial, and industrial
- Landscape Architect or Designer: residential, commercial, and industrial
- Urban Planners: local or regional communities and infrastructure
- Drafters: artists and technicians
- Surveyors and Cartographers
- Construction Project Managers
Online Courses and Degree Programs in Architecture and Landscape Design
Formal architecture career training ranges from four and five-year bachelor's degree programs to two-year master's degree programs. Online courses are also available in landscape design, civil engineering, drafting, architectural theory, 2D and 3D design software, construction technology, applied mathematics, construction laws and uniform building codes, and practical laboratory studies. Typically, graduates of online architecture and landscape design programs develop an extensive portfolio of layouts and drawings for use in seeking their first jobs.
Online degree programs leading to degrees in landscape architecture typically lead to a four-year bachelor's degree, although there are master's degree programs in the field for those who already hold a bachelor's degree. Online courses in the major can include studies in history of landscape design, plant and soil science, urban planning, geology, and computer-assisted design programs.
All states require certification and licensing of architects. Most prepare for the exam while working in internships under the supervision of a licensed architect. All but one state require formal licensing for landscape architects, including successful passage of the Landscape Architect Registration Examination.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for architects in 2008 was $70,320, with top-tier earnings at $119,220. The median 2008 annual wage for landscape architects was $58,960, with top earnings at $97,370.
Urban Planning Design Careers
Most urban planners work for state, regional, and city governmental organizations. Under supervision of government administrators, they evaluate land-use and construction proposals to ensure that new buildings and landscape designs meet state and local zoning and building requirements governing land use, pollution control, water or air quality, and population density.
PROJECTED JOB GROWTH(%)
|Architects, Except Landscape and Naval||$84,470||99,860||6.9%|
|Urban and Regional Planners||$73,060||34,810||6.3%|
|Architects, Surveyors, and Cartographers||$76,260||174,720||6.1%|
Online colleges and universities offer undergraduate and post-graduate degrees in urban planning, with many schools adjusting curriculum to meet new "green" environmental planning and construction trends. The median 2008 annual wage for urban planners was $59,810, with top-tier earnings of $91,520.
America is changing to fit herself to "green" realities. Will you lead the way?