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Biology & Schools and Programs

Biology: A Diverse Career Field
A biologist is a scientist involved in the study or research of living organisms, their life processes, and their connection with their specific environments. Biologists are broken down into several subgroups:


  • Aquatic Biologists
  • Biochemists
  • Botanists
  • Microbiologists

Other groups include physiologists, biophysicists, zoologists, and ecologists.

Career Training College Degrees in Biology
While a bachelor's degree can typically get you started in the field, advanced college degrees (such as a master's degree or PhD) are traditionally required for industrial research, product development, and more. Today, most colleges and universities offer programs in biological science. Some colleges may also offer flexible online education programs that can lead to online degrees in biology.

The Job Market for Aspiring Biologists
Biology majors can enter careers in research, laboratory science, medicine, dentistry, veterinary services, or other related heath professions. In 2008, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, biological scientists earned a median annual salary of $65,080.

Employment (2016)
Average Salary
Expected Job Growth
Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary50,820$76,65016.2%
Biochemists and Biophysicists29,200$82,1808.2%
Biological Technicians74,720$42,5205.2%
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists17,720$60,5204%
Source: 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics and 2014-24 Employment Projections, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS.gov.
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